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dc.creatorJović, Jelena
dc.creatorCvrković, T.
dc.creatorMitrović, Milana
dc.creatorKrnjajić, Slobodan
dc.creatorPetrović, A.
dc.creatorRedinbaugh, Margaret G.
dc.creatorPratt, R. C.
dc.creatorHogenhout, S. A.
dc.creatorTosevski, Ivo
dc.date.accessioned2022-04-05T14:18:44Z
dc.date.available2022-04-05T14:18:44Z
dc.date.issued2009
dc.identifier.issn0031-949X
dc.identifier.urihttp://rimsi.imsi.bg.ac.rs/handle/123456789/304
dc.description.abstractMaize redness (MR), induced by stolbur phytoplasma ('Candidatus Phytoplasma solani', subgroup 16SrXII-A), is characterized by midrib, leaf, and stalk reddening and abnormal ear development. MR has been reported from Serbia, Romania, and Bulgaria for 50 years, and recent epiphytotics reduced yields by 40 to 90% in South Banat District, Serbia. Potential vectors including leafhoppers and planthoppers in the order Hemiptera, suborder Auchenorrhyncha, were surveyed in MR-affected and low-MR-incidence fields, and 33 different species were identified. Only Reptalus panzeri populations displayed characteristics of a major MR vector. More R. panzeri individuals were present in MR-affected versus low-MR fields, higher populations were observed in maize plots than in field border areas, and peak population levels preceded the appearance of MR in late July. Stolbur phytoplasma was detected in 17% of R. panzeri adults using nested polymerase chain reaction but not in any other insects tested. Higher populations of R. panzeri nymphs were found on maize, Johnsongrass (Sorghum halepense), and wheat (Triticum aestivum) roots. Stolbur phytoplasma was detected in roots of these three plant species, as well as in R. panzeri L-3 and L-5 nymphs. When stolbur phytoplasma-infected R. panzeri L-3 nymphs were introduced into insect-free mesh cages containing healthy maize and wheat plants, 89 and 7%, respectively, became infected. These results suggest that the MR disease cycle in South Banat involves mid-July transmission of stolbur phytoplasma to maize by infected adult R. panzeri. The adult R. panzeri lay eggs on infected maize roots, and nymphs living on these roots acquire the phytoplasma from infected maize. The nymphs overwinter on the roots of wheat planted into maize fields in the autumn, allowing emergence of phytoplasma-infected vectors the following July.en
dc.publisherAmer Phytopathological Soc, St Paul
dc.relationUnited States Department of Agriculture Foreign Agriculture ServiceUnited States Department of Agriculture (USDA) [58-3148-4-086]
dc.relationOhio State University Research Foundation
dc.relationJohn Innes Centre
dc.relationGatsby Charitable Foundation
dc.relationBiotechnology and Biological Sciences Research CouncilUK Research & Innovation (UKRI)Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC)
dc.relationBiotechnology and Biological Sciences Research CouncilUK Research & Innovation (UKRI)Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) [BBS/E/J/000C0623] Funding Source: researchfish
dc.relationBBSRCUK Research & Innovation (UKRI)Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) [BBS/E/J/000C0623] Funding Source: UKRI
dc.relation401-00-16422/200711/36-4
dc.rightsopenAccess
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/share-your-work/public-domain/cc0/
dc.sourcePhytopathology
dc.subjectZea maysen
dc.subjectMollicutesen
dc.subjecthemipteran vectorsen
dc.subjectepidemiological cycleen
dc.titleStolbur Phytoplasma Transmission to Maize by Reptalus panzeri and the Disease Cycle of Maize Redness in Serbiaen
dc.typearticle
dc.rights.licenseCC0
dc.citation.epage1061
dc.citation.issue9
dc.citation.other99(9): 1053-1061
dc.citation.rankM21
dc.citation.spage1053
dc.citation.volume99
dc.identifier.doi10.1094/PHYTO-99-9-1053
dc.identifier.fulltexthttp://rimsi.imsi.bg.ac.rs/bitstream/id/557/301.pdf
dc.identifier.pmid19671007
dc.identifier.scopus2-s2.0-70249106110
dc.identifier.wos000268876800006
dc.type.versionpublishedVersion


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