Show simple item record

dc.creatorJanakiev, Tamara
dc.creatorJelušić, Aleksandra
dc.creatorKuzmanović, Nemanja
dc.creatorDimkić, Ivica
dc.date.accessioned2023-10-13T05:51:47Z
dc.date.available2023-10-13T05:51:47Z
dc.date.issued2022
dc.identifier.isbn978-961-264-272-3
dc.identifier.urihttp://rimsi.imsi.bg.ac.rs/handle/123456789/2142
dc.description.abstractINTRODUCTION Crown gall is an economically important and widespread plant disease caused by tumorigenic bacteria that are commonly affiliated with the genera Agrobacterium, Allorhizobium and Rhizobium. Novel and an atypical group of tumorigenic agrobacteria belonging to the genus Rhizobium (“tumorigenes” clade) was identified as a causative agent of crown/cane gall on blackberry, rhododendron and blueberry in Serbia and Germany (Kuzmanović et al., 2018 and 2019). Efficient measures to control crown gall disease were not reported till nowadays, so assessment and application of alternative biological control measures would contribute to sustainable agricultural production and environmental protection. The aims of the study were 1) identification of candidate bacterial strains that could be employed for biological control 2) to analyse phytobiome of the treated and non-treated crops and 3) to perform a whole-genome sequencing of a few most promising biocontrol strains. STATE OF THE ART Antimicrobial activity of ten biocontrol candidates from rhododendron and 27 additional antagonistic strains were tested in vitro against the tumor-inducing strain Rhizobium sp. rho-6.2. The six most efficient Pseudomonas and Bacillus strains were tested in vivo, using co-inoculation and preventive inoculation strategies in controlled greenhouse conditions on tomato plants as a model system in four replicas and randomized. Tumors from the most effective treatments were sampled, and then total DNA was isolated and subjected to the next-generation sequencing (NGS). Direct analysis of bacterial communities using Illumina MiSeq sequencing of 16S rRNA gene amplicon libraries was performed to assess the microbial ecological effect, with complete bioinformatic and computational biology analysis conducted. Also, a whole-genome sequencing of a few most promising antagonistic strains was performed. RESULTS Among six antagonistic strains, the most efficient in co-inoculation strategy against pathogenic Rhizobium sp. rho-6.2 were two Pseudomonas strains (R-6.10 and R-11.20), which reduced a tumor size 92.86%. The same Pseudomonas strains were less effective in preventive treatments (15.38 and 30.77%). Although Bacillus strains exhibited high in vitro antimicrobial activity, their in vivo activity was in preventive treatment only 15.38%, whilst in co-inoculation strategy was detected as moderate (42.86%). Bacillus and Pseudomonas strains applied together increased biocontrol activity with 38.6% of tumor’s reduction. In analyzed treatments, was detected the dominant presence of Proteobacteria followed by a moderate presence of Actinobacteriota and Firmicutes. On the genus level, the most abundant, both in negative control and treatments, were representatives of Allorhizobium-Neorhizobium-Pararhizobium-Rhizobium group (18,53% - 71,81%) followed by Pseudomonas spp. (2,76%- 36,46%). According to alpha diversity indexes on the genus level, the highest values were detected in the negative control, pre-treatment with Pseudomonas sp. R-6.10, co-inoculation with Pseudomonas spp. R-6.10 and R-11.20 individually. Analysis of beta diversity by the DPCoA matrix exhibited that the co-inoculation and positive control groups were well separated, whilst preventive treatment overlapped both the co-inoculation and positive control samples. Differential abundance analysis on a genus level revealed a statistically higher presence of Stenotrophomonas and Asanoa in preventive treatments and Dyadobacter and Pandoraea spp. in their positive control. In the co-inoculation strategy, Pseudolabrys and Asanoa were prevalent in treatments and Allorhizobium-Neorhizobium-Pararhizobium-Rhizobium was detected as prevalent in positive control. Whole-genome sequencing and preliminary comparative genomics analyses revealed that the best biocontrol candidates, Pseudomonas strains R-6.10 and R-11.20 represent two new species, most closely related to P. graminis and P. fildesensis, respectively. DISCUSSION The Pseudomonas species exhibited the most prominent activity in vivo. Pseudomonas genus is rich in species with the potential for biocontrol of wide spectra of pathogens. Their activity is based on the production of variety of antimicrobial compounds (Dimkic et al., 2022). Also, silencing quorum sensing or quorum quenching is one of their biocontrol strategies by attenuating the virulence of the pathogen (Zhang et al., 2021). Metabarcoding analysis showed differences between treatments, mainly on the level of less presented genera. Best candidates for biocontrol of crown gall, Pseudomonas spp. R-6.10 and R-11.20 originating from the crown gall tumor, confirms the previously established hypothesis that plants are the best sources of biocontrol agents (Janisiewicz et al., 2013). CONCLUSIONS The selected Pseudomonas strains could be further tested as an alternative strategy for the biocontrol of crown gall disease and the potential involvement of the quorum quenching mechanism will be determined. Crown gall tumors have shown to be a great source of antagonistic isolates Pseudomonas sp. R-6.10 and Pseudomonas sp. R-11.20 identified according to WGS as the two new species that further needs to be described.sr
dc.language.isoensr
dc.publisherJožef Stefan Institute Press.sr
dc.relationThis study was supported by the Science Fund of the Republic of Serbia through Serbian Science and Diaspora Collaboration Program: Knowledge Exchange Vouchers (Agreement no. BIOCTA 6436066)sr
dc.rightsopenAccesssr
dc.sourceWEEK OF MICROBIAL TECHNOLOGIES, Ljubljana, Slovenia, November 7 – 11, 2022sr
dc.subjectPseudomonassr
dc.subjectbiocontrolsr
dc.subjectcrown gallsr
dc.subjectRhizobiumsr
dc.subjectmetabarcoding analysissr
dc.titlePSEUDOMONAS SPP. IN BIOCONTROL OF CROWN GALL DISEASE: NEW APPROACHESsr
dc.typeconferenceObjectsr
dc.rights.licenseARRsr
dc.citation.epage67
dc.citation.spage65
dc.identifier.fulltexthttp://rimsi.imsi.bg.ac.rs/bitstream/id/5709/bitstream_5709.pdf
dc.identifier.rcubhttps://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rimsi_2142
dc.type.versionpublishedVersionsr


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record