|dc.description.abstract||Water quality in the Danube River Basin is largely influenced by the inputs of pollutants - particularly
excessive nutrients, organic material, and hazardous substances, which affects the whole ecosystem
at various levels. The major goal of this study was to evaluate the level of genotoxic potential at the
site at Danube River, Novi Banovci, which is under significant anthropogenic pressure of untreated
municipal and industrial waste waters.
DNA damage in situ was assessed in 5 specimens of white bream (Blicca bjoerkna) erythrocytes, liver
and gills cells with comet assay and in erythrocytes with micronucleus test. Additionally, genotoxicity
of native water samples collected from the site and upstream and downstream of the site was
evaluated by the comet assay on HepG2 cells. Microscopic images of comets were scored using Comet
IV Computer Software (Perceptive Instruments, UK) and tail intensity was chosen as parameters to
assess the DNA damage.
Comet assay on white bream showed that gills were the most affected tissue, while liver showed the
smallest values. Micronuclei frequency was low in general, with mean of 1 micronuclei in 5000 scored
erythrocytes, with no significant correlation to the values of comet assay in erythrocytes. Comet assay
on HepG2 cells showed significant difference between values of negative control samples and samples
of water from effluent site and downstream of wastewater discharge. There was no significant
difference between negative control and upstream samples of water.
Our results showed that great impact of municipal and industrial wastewaters on the river ecosystem.
The application of in vitro and in situ tests gives a better insight into genotoxic effects. More
importantly, because Serbia still doesn’t have waste water treatment plants, this kind of research
points out the imperative for implementation of this facilities.||sr